Keeping dogs in a kennel (group and individual). Walk mode.
In dog breeding, various methods of keeping are used – apartment, yard, aviary, box, cellular, field.
Apartment. Most often, the urban population keeps dogs this way. The dog must have a permanent place, which is assigned to the area of its owner, which meets sanitary and hygienic standards. If you have a dog in the apartment, you must strictly follow the rules of hygiene.
Homestead (yard). When kept in the yard, on the territory of the site, you can use a chain, a block leash (on a wire), in this case a booth should be equipped for the dog. Booths are used quite widely, they are convenient, since they are easy to rearrange or transport, from place to place, they do not require large labor costs for cleaning and disinfection, they provide the dog with a reliable resting place and shelter from the weather. Booths are made from a wide variety of materials and in several versions. The most convenient booth is wooden, collapsible (length 100 cm, width 90 cm, height 80 cm, manhole 40 x 50 cm for large dogs). The roof of the booth is flat, sloped back. A wooden shield is placed in front of the booth. For small and medium dogs, the size of the booth is reduced accordingly. The booth is placed slightly above ground level so that water does not flow. In winter, the booth is insulated, the hole is hung with a strong fabric (tarpaulin, burlap, etc.) so that the dog can freely enter and exit the booth. A bedding (straw, rug, etc.) is placed in the booth, which is easily replaced or disinfected.
You can practice loose dog keeping if the area is securely fenced. In this case, for the shelter and rest of the dog, you can equip a place in the form of a bed with sides in the house, barn, other utility rooms, but not in livestock farms where there are animals.
Aviary. Enclosure keeping of dogs is very practical, especially when there are a large number of them.
The design of the aviary may be different, but they must provide comfortable keeping of the dogs and be convenient for their cleaning, disinfection and care of the dogs. With a single content, in the simplest case, this can be a fenced area with a net (walking area) with a booth for rest and shelter from the weather. The enclosures are a plot of 2×3 – 3×3 m, fenced with a mesh fence. The fence must be made in such a way as to exclude the possibility of the dog escaping.
In kennels for keeping dogs, pavilions are usually equipped, divided into separate enclosures. The design of the pavilions is different, from a canopy that protects from the sun and bad weather, by analogy with a fur-breeding shed, to a warm brick building equipped with paddocks. A canopy with booths and paddocks is a permanent structure. Shed open on one side with a shed roof. Height from 2.5 to 2 m. Under the roof, walks 2 -3×2 -3m were made and booths were installed. The partitions between the paddocks are continuous to a height of up to 1.5 m.
One-sided pavilion with cabins and walks is a building with cabins according to the number of dogs. The cabin (size approximately 2.0 x 1.5 x 1.8 m) is part of the pavilion, it is insulated, there are solid walls, floor, ceiling, in cold weather they put a booth in the cabin. From the cab, a manhole leads to a paddock, which is located outdoors.
A two-sided pavilion with cabins and paddocks is a building with exits from the cabins in opposite directions (from one cabin in one direction, from the other – in the opposite direction). Its advantage is that the paddocks have an increased area.
Two-row pavilion – when the cabins are arranged in two rows – between the rows there is a passage for the attendants. The service personnel is during work in the room (pavilion) and has access from the aisle to all cabins.
Usually the front part of such structures is a metal mesh. It is practiced to use a mesh with a mesh size of 40 x 40 mm and a wire thickness of 2.5 – 3.5 mm. Walking doors are made in the form of a wooden or metal frame covered with metal mesh. The doors open inward and have locks (latches) on both sides. The height of the door is 1.75 – 1.80 m and more, the width is 75 – 80 cm. The doors to the cabins are solid, a hole leads from the cabin to the paddock, approximately 30 x 40 cm in size.
Boxing. In areas with a harsh climate and when keeping short-haired and decorative dogs – pampered, box keeping is used. Boxes (approximately 2 x 3 m in size) are a place for keeping dogs, including both walking and shelter (booth), but all this is located in a closed warm room. The design of the pavilion with boxes can be different, depending on the location and the breeds of dogs kept.
Cellular. As a new method, you can use the cellular content of dogs. The design of the cells can be different, this applies not only to the size, which, of course, depends on the size of the dog. We can recommend a metal mesh for their manufacture – this is the most practical. Cells can be single-tiered or multi-tiered. At the same time, construct